:: Volume 2, Issue 2 (9-2016) ::
CJP 2016, 2(2): 135-141 Back to browse issues page
Impact of painting therapy on aggression and anxiety of children with cancer
Anahita Khodabakhshi Koolaee *, Roza Vazifehdar, Farshad Bahari, Mohammad esmaeil Akbari
Department of Psychology and education, faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran , anna_khodabakhshi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (9617 Views)

Background: Cancer is a major source of distress such as aggression and anxiety. It becomes a traumatic and painful for both children and their family.  Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of painting therapy on the reduction of aggression and anxiety among hospitalized children with cancer (8-12 aged).

Methods: The study was semi-experimental with pretest-posttest and treatment group. Thirty hospitalized children with cancer (8-12 aged), who obtained one score above the mean scores in Spence Children's Anxiety Scale and Children's Inventory of Anger (ChIA) were selected from Shafa Hospital in Ahvaz.  Then, they were randomly divided into the control and experimental groups. The intervention group received techniques of painting therapy for 11 treatment sessions (60 minutes for each session, twice per week). Data were analyzed using covariance.

Results:  The results indicated that there was a significant difference between the pretest and post-test scores in aggression (±SD: 60.9±13.56, 40.90±8.52; F=118.79, p<0.001) and anxiety (±SD:15.75 ± 2.97, 10.60±2.92; F=118.79, p<0.001) in experimental group.

Conclusions: Findings indicated that painting therapy impacted on the reduction of the aggression and anxiety in children with cancer. Therefore, it would be considered as the therapeutic interventions for releasing the negative emotion in children with cancer.

Keywords: Art therapy, Aggression, Anxiety, Child, Cancer
Full-Text [PDF 312 kb]   (8773 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

XML     Print

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 2, Issue 2 (9-2016) Back to browse issues page