:: Volume 7, Issue 1 (3-2021) ::
CJP 2021, 7(1): 465-471 Back to browse issues page
The play therapy effectiveness in improving adaptive skills of children with physical-motor disabilities
Beheshteh Ghasemi Kahriz-sangi , Simin Hossenina , Anahita Khodabakhshi-koolaee
Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran , hoseinian@alzahra.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1042 Views)
Background and Objective: Play therapy provides an opportunity for children with disabilities to experience and learn new skills. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of play therapy in improving the adaptive skills of children with physical-motor disability (PMD).
Methods: The method of the present study was quasi-experimental using pre-test and post-test design with control group. The statistical population of this study included all 6-8-year-old PMD children referred to Behesht Occupational Therapy Clinic in Isfahan in the first half of 2020. According to the inclusion criteria, 30 children were selected through convenience method and randomly divided into two groups of 15 ones as the experimental and control groups. The Lambert Adaptive Behavior Scale was used to collect the data. Finally, the data were analyzed by one-way covariance test using SPSS 21.
Findings: These findings showed that there was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test in adaptive skills in the experimental group (F=72.8; P=0.01). This difference was not found in control group (170.7±10.06; 171.3±10.6; P>0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, play therapy helps the children to learn the adaptive skills; therefore, it is suggested that the play therapy, in addition to conventional treatment methods, could be used for these children in rehabilitation centers to establish a happy and creative environment.
Keywords: Child, Disability, Physical-Motor Disability, Play Therapy, Psychological Adaptation
Full-Text [PDF 478 kb]   (393 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
  • Physical-motor disability (PMD) is one of the major disabilities of children in many countries. Children with PMD facing restricted in daily personal and social activities.
  • Play therapy helps these children overcome environmental and communication barriers.
  • The results of present study showed that play therapy can help adaptive behavior in these children.
  • Play therapy can be used to help master daily life skills and activities in children's rehabilitation centers.


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Volume 7, Issue 1 (3-2021) Back to browse issues page