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:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (9-2021) ::
CJP 2021, 7(2): 560-565 Back to browse issues page
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children with constipation and fecal incontinence
Mohadese Shokravi , Sanaz Mehrabani , Arman Masoudi , Mohammadreza Esmaeili Dooki , Mahmoud Hajiahmadi
Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, IR Iran , mehrabanisanaz@gmail.com
Abstract:   (224 Views)
Background and Objective: There is some evidence of a relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and functional defecation disorders (FDDs), both of which are common in childhood. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of ADHD in children with fecal incontinence (FI) and functional constipation (FC).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 99 children aged 4-14 years who met the Rome IV criteria to diagnose pediatric chronic FC with FI from January to May 2020. The ADHD was then assessed by the child and adolescent psychiatrist via clinical visits, DSM-5 and Conners Rating Scale (CRS). Pearson’s Chi-Square test and Mann-Whitney’s test were used to compare children with and without ADHD. A P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Findings: According to DM-V and clinical visits, about 24 (24.2%) children with FC and FI were diagnosed with ADHD. Moreover, six and one of their relatives had anxiety/depression and schizophrenia, respectively. Children with ADHD were significantly male (83%, p= 0.009), older (p= 0.003), heavier (p= 0.005), first born (79%, P < 0.001) and premature (37%, P=0.01) with older mothers (p=0.01).
Conclusion: This study showed that there was a high prevalence of ADHD in children with FC and FI. Therefore, screening of suspected children is recommended.
Keywords: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Children, Constipation, Fecal Incontinence
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
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Shokravi M, Mehrabani S, Masoudi A, Esmaeili Dooki M, Hajiahmadi M. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children with constipation and fecal incontinence. CJP. 2021; 7 (2) :560-565
URL: http://caspianjp.ir/article-1-163-en.html


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Volume 7, Issue 2 (9-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله کودکان کاسپین Caspian Journal of Pediatrics
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